Russians have always shown a great concern for education. The right to education is stated in the constitution of the Russian Federation. It is ensured by compulsory secondary schools, vocational schools and higher education establishments.
The number of day-care centres and nursery schools of the Vologda Oblast comes to 486.
Over the last five years 20 new nursery schools designed for 4800 places were built in the region, many day care centres were renovated. The new kindergartens are accommodated with musical and sports halls, sports grounds, and a swimming pool. Construction of new kindergartens in the Vologda Region will continue.
The demand for places in kindergartens is high because many parents want their 2- and 3-year-olds educated in institutions whose sole purpose is education. According to the top leadership of the Vologda Oblast, availability of places in preschool institutions for children from 3 to 7 years old in our region is 100 percent. By RF President's decree, municipalities are required to guarantee all children at least 3 years of age a spot in a nursery school.
Secondary schools of the oblast total 341 with about 139 200 pupils being educated there. New forms of secondary educational institutions have emerged, such as gymnasiums and lyceums. Education is compulsory up to the 9th form inclusive. The stages of compulsory schooling are: primary education for ages 6-7 to 9-10 inclusive; and senior school for ages 10-15 inclusive. If a pupil of a secondary school wishes to go on in higher education, he or she must stay at school for two more years.
Primary and secondary school together comprise 11 years of study. Every school has a "core curriculum" of academic subjects. After finishing the 9th form one can go on to a vocational school which offer programmes of academic subjects and a programme of training in a technical field, or a profession. After finishing the 11th form of a secondary school, a lyceum or a gymnasium one can go into higher education.